1. The Liturgy Defined
The Liturgy. The Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist. The Priesthood. Substance and Accidents. Difficulties and Eucharistic Miracles. The Sacraments and Sacramental Signs. Efficacy of Sacraments. Holy Communion. Worthy Reception. Corporal Union. Daily Mass. The Blessed Sacrament. Sacrifice. The Sacrifice of Christ. The Sacrifice of the Mass. Calvary and the Mass: Differences. Sacrifice of the Church. The Mass as a Memorial. Ends of Mass: Divine Life. The Mass: Blessing. The Mass: Response. The Mass: Source and Summit. Names for the Eucharistic Sacrifice. Dispositions. The Saints on the Mass. The Passover. The Passover Lamb. The Fourth Cup. Connections. The Passover Fulfilled. Eating the Passover Lamb. The Mass Prefigured. Other Prefigurements. The Eucharist Prefigured. The Heavenly Liturgy. The Wedding Banquet of the Lamb. Old Testament Connections. New Testament Connections. The One Remaining Sacrifice. Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi.
2. Propitiatory Sacrifice Versus Community Meal
Two Views of the Mass. Changes in the Mass. Modernism Defined. Modernist View of the Mass. Brief History of Modernism. The Mass as Defined by the Church. The Mass as Sacrifice and Meal. The Altering of Language. The Meaning of Worship. The Holy Father on the Nature of the Mass.
3. The Reform of the Reform
Reform of the Reform. Theological Shift in the Mass. Transcendence and Immanence. Results of the Initial Reform. Return to the “Pre-Conciliar” Liturgy (Tridentine Mass)?. Reforming the Liturgical Reform. Principles. Letter of Vatican II: Documents. Spirit of Vatican II: Intention. Preservation and Renewal. Definitions and Concepts of the Mass. The Mass as a Sacrifice and the Priesthood. The Mass as the Source and Summit of the Christian Life. The Mass as the “Heavenly Liturgy”. General Principles of Reform. Adaptation in Line with Tradition. Restoration and Renewal. Mutable Elements in Need of Change. Research and Investigation. Adaptation and Inculturation. Prerequisites for Change: the Good of the Church, and Organic Growth. Simplicity, Clarity, Understandability of Rites and Texts. Active Participation. The Nature of Active Participation. Role of the Pastors. Word of God (Scripture). Sense of Community. Liturgical Commission.
4. Loyalty to Liturgical Law
Liturgical Law. The Reason for Liturgical Law. Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi. The Holy Father on Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi. Liturgical Abuses. The Affects of Liturgical Abuse. The Holy Father on Creativity. The Holy Father on Banality and Restoration of the Sacred. The "Clericalism" of Liturgical Abusers. Legitimacy of Church Law. Correcting Liturgical Abuse. Various Issues.
5. Issues Priests May Have to Address
Sacred Silence, Silence in the Liturgy of the Word. Missing Mass, Arguments for Missing Mass, Lay Services, Abuse of Lay Services. Dress for Mass, Enforcing the Dress Code. Chapel Veils, Chapel Veils and Abrogated Custom, Reasons for the Abrogation of Chapel Veils, Contemporary Use of the Chapel Veil. Liturgical Dress for Priests, Liturgical Dress for Ministers. Gender Issues: Gender Neutral/Inclusive Language, Gender Inclusive Language, The Use of the Term “Father” by Jesus, Quandary of Objectors to the Use of the Title “Father”, Reason God is Called “Father”, The Influence of Feminism, The Charge of Causing Offense, The Charge of “Confusion”, The Appropriateness of Calling God “Father”. Washing the feet of Women. Women Priests, Reasons for the Teaching, Jesus Ordaining Only Men, The Apostles Ordaining Only Men, The Magisterium, Reason for the All-Male Priesthood, Differences in Roles and not Discrimination, Authority and “Rights”. Women Ministers: Altar Girls, Reason for Exclusive Use of Altar Boys, Problems with Altar Girls, Groups of Boys Retained, Arguments for Altar Girls, The "Right" to Altar Service, Reserved to the Priest. Lay Preaching and Recitation of the Eucharistic Prayer. Prayers of the Faithful. Standing Around the Altar During the Consecration, Causing an Obstruction and Distraction. Holding Hands at the Our Father and Using the Orans, Motives for the Holding of Hands, Using the Orans Position. Dramatic Acting at Mass. Liturgical Dance. Clapping and Applause at Mass. Sunday School, Problems and Solutions. External and Internal Participation.
6. Holy Communion
Communion in the Hand vs. Communion on the Tongue: Memoriale Domini, Memoriale Domini Summarized, The Indult, Liceity of Communion in the Hand, Communion on the Tongue and the Last Supper, Motives behind Communion in the Hand. Communion Under Both Species: Liceity of Communion Under Both Species, The Benefits of Communion Under Both Speices, Problems with Communion Under Both Species, Preference for Intinction, Intinction and Scriptural Injunctions. Intercommunion: Eastern Orthodox and Holy Communion, Protestants and Holy Communion. Kneeling vs. Standing: Kneeling in Scripture – the Old Testament, Kneeling in Scripture – the New Testament, Kneeling as a Sign of Adoration, Kneeling at the Consecration, Kneeling after Holy Communion, Kneeling in the Early Church, The Holy Father on Archaeologism, The Holy Father on Kneeling and Standing. Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion (EMHCs): Necessary Qualities Required of EMHCs, EMHCs in Liturgical Law, Proper Use of EMHCs, Communion Under Both Species and EMHCs, Receiving Holy Communion First, Arguments and Motives against the Priest Receiving First, Blessings from EMHCs, Alternatives to Blessings from EMHCs. Self-Communication, Role of the Laity. Breaking the Host. Sacred Vessels, The Communion Plate.
7. Options Reserved to the Priest
Latin in the Mass: Defining "Latin Mass", The Use of the Vernacular, Balancing Latin and the Vernacular, The Reason for Latin, The Late Introduction of Latin, Full Active and Conscious Participation, The Holy Father on “Active Participation”, The ‘Divisive’ Nature of Latin, The Holy Father on Latin, Introducing Latin. Ad Orientam vs Ad Populum: "Facing East", Theological Reasons for Ad Orientam, Practical Reasons for Ad Orientam, Community over Sacrifice, Objections to Ad Orientam, Ad Populum in the Early Church, Practical Reasons for Ad Populum, The Missal Presupposes Ad Orientam, The Holy Father on Ad Orientam, The Holy Father on Ad Populum, Introducing Ad Orientam. The Sign of Peace, Omitting the Sign of Peace, Objections to the Sign of Peace Answered, How to Exchange the Sign, The Priest Leaving the Sanctuary, The Holy Father on the Sign of Peace. Eucharistic Prayers, Reason for Multiple Eucharistic Prayers, Abuse of Norms, When to Use the Eucharistic Prayers. Silent Canon, The Holy Father on the Silent Canon. Homilies, The Holy Father on Homilies, Manner of Preaching. "Smells and Bells": Incense, Bells, The Use of Veils.
8. Sacred Music
Sacred Music, Secular Music, Music Proper to Sacred Liturgy, Various Secular Styles, The Holy Father on Church Music. Instruments, Restrictions on Instruments. Gregorian Chant: The Development of Gregorian Chant, Practical Use of Gregorian Chant, The Holy Father on Gregorian Chant, Introducing Gregorian Chant. Lyrics, Community-Centered Songs, Theologically Suspect Eucharistic Songs, Protestant Songs, Elimination of "Bad" Songs, Post-Liturgical Crisis.
9. Sacred Art
Crucifix vs. Cross, The Crucifix a Later Development. Statues and Images: Two Artistic Abuses, Modern Art according to Vatican II, Vatican II on Modern Art Explained, Iconoclasm According to Vatican II, Iconoclast Arguments, Images a "Distraction", Images Contrary to "Noble Simplicity", Images a Reminder of Heavenly Realities, The Holy Father on Images and Iconoclasm, Other Purposes of Images, Motives of Iconoclasts, The Holy Father on Sacred Art, Images of Non-Catholics and Secular Figures.
10. Sacred Architecture
The Tabernacle: Proper Placement of the Tabernacle, Problems in Removing the Tabernacle, The Preference for a Centralized Tabernacle, Objections to a Centralized Tabernacle, Objections to Central Tabernacle Answered, No Practical Confusion, Tabernacle in the Early Church, Uniqueness of St. Peter’s Basilica, The “Blessed Sacrament Chapel”, The Holy Father on the Tabernacle. The Altar: Motives Behind Replacing "Altars" with "Tables", Practice of the Early Church, The "Altar" at the Last Supper, The Development of the Altar, Placement of the Ambo, Removal or Elimination of the "High Altar". The Presidential Chair. Communion Rails, The Need for Communion Rails. Seating, Problems with the "Fan Shape", Pews. The Choir, Making Changes in the Choir. Renovations and Modern Churches: Aesthetical Problems with Renovated and Modern Churches, Raising our Hearts and Minds to the Heavens, Problems with Modern Churches, The Church as the Archetype of Heaven, Mixing the Secular and the Profane, "Beautifying" Churches.
11. The Tridentine Mass and the Novus Ordo Missae
Quo Primum: Requirements for Infallibility, "Infallibility" of Quo Primum, Purpose of Quo Primum, "Perpetuity" of Quo Primum, Mutability of Liturgical Rites, "Fixing" of Tridentine Mass, Popes Authorized to Alter Missal, Missal Fixed "Indefinitely", Reason for Universalization of the Missal, Motives for the "Dogmatizing" of Quo Primum. The Ottaviani Intervention: Points in the Critical Study, Validity of the Arguments, Attacks on the GIRM and not the Missal, Attacks on the Novus Ordo but only as Popularly Celebrated, Attacks on Problems which have been Rectified, Attacks on Changes Compensated for Elsewhere, Attacks on Options, Attacks on Intricate Issues. Novus Ordo Proper: Prayers/Rubrics of the New Missal, The Penitential Rite, Offertory, Eucharistic Prayers, The Institution Narrative, The Memorial Acclamation, Rites. "Authors" of the New Mass. "Bad Fruits". Reason for the Novus Ordo. Conclusion: Necessity of Catechesis, Catechesis the Solution, Problems Rooted in Poor Catechesis. Tridentine Missal Situation-Specific. The Holy Father on the “Tridentine Mass”, The Holy Father on the “Novus Ordo Missae”. Two Extremes.
12. Ite, Missa Est
Liturgy Directed towards "Sending Forth". The Ideal Mass. The Typical Mass. Legitimate Variations, Objection to Legitimate Variations. Difficulties in Proscribing the Ideal Mass. The Holy Father on Variations. The "Community Mass" for Small Groups. Gradual Change. Popularizing the Ideal Mass. Phariseeism. Minimalism. "Pomp and Ceremony". Essentials of the Mass.